Monika Maurer

My dogs are going in the world! All together 27 puppies on 4 continents and 13 countries of the World.

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Breed Standard for


FCI nr 77



Origin: France/Belgium


General appearance:

Small, elegant Toy Spaniel, of normal and harmonious build, of fine-boned structure with long hair. Modertely long muzzle sorter than the skull. Lively personality, graceful yet robust, proud carrage with an easy and elegant

Head: In normal proportion to the body and proportionaltely fighter and shorter than in Spaniel of large or medium size.

Skull: Not too rounded neither in profile nor from the front. Sometimes showing a slight trace of medial furrow. Muzzle sorter than the skull, fine, pointed and not too hollow on the sides, must not be turned up. A well defined stop is fordem where the muzzle joins the skull.

Nose: Small, black and round, but slightly flattened on top

Lips: Strong pigmented, thin and tight.

Teeth: Quite strong, closing well and normal. Tongue must not be visible.

Eyes: Rather large, well open, in shape of large almond, not prominent, set rather low in the head, the inner corner is at the intersection of the skull and the muzzle. Dark in color and very expressive, eyelid strongly pigmentem.

Ears: Quite fine but firm. Whether it is the erect ear or the hanging ear, when examining by hand, the cartilage must not end in too sharp point. The ears are set on rather far back of the head sufficiently apart one from the other, so as to reveal the slightly rounded shape of the skull.
A. Phalene variety with hanning ears.
The ear at rest is set high, considerably higher than the eye line, carried hanging and yet quite mobile. Garnished with wavy hair which may reach quite a length which gave the dog a pretty appearance.
B. Papillon variety with erect ears.
The ear is set on high, the auricle (external ear) well open and turned to the side. The inner edge of the auricle forming an angle of approx. 45 with the horizontal line. In no case must the ear point upwards, which would be like a Spitz type ear, must definitely be rejected. The inside of the auricle is covered with fine hairs, also wavy. The longest hairs extending slightly beyond the edge of the ear; the outer face, on the contrary, is covered with long hair forming hangingfringes extending well beyond the edge of the ear.


Arm:of equal length as the shoulder-blade, normal angulated and well joined with it, well attache to the body.
Shoulders:well developed, well attache to the body.
Forequarters: legs straight, firm, fine. The dog must not seen to be raised up; seen either from the front or from the back, the legs are paralel.
Feet: Rather long, called ”hare feet” resting evenly on their pads. Strong nails, preferably black, fighter in the dogs with brown or white coat ( the white nails in white dogs or in dogs with white legs is not considered as fault if the dog is otherwise well pigmentem). The toes are strong with a tough pad, well furnished in between with fine hair extending beyond the tip of the foot and forming a paint.


Neck:of moderate length, a little arched at the nape.
Chest: wide, fairly well let down. The circumference of the thorax taken between the past two ribs must be approximately equivalent to the height of the withers. Ribs well arched.
Back line:neither too short or arched, nor saddled, without however being flat.
Belly:slightly drawn up.
Tail:set quite high, rather long, abundant fringe forming a lovely plume. When the dog is in action, it is carried raised along the line of the back and curved, the extreme tip may touch the back: never should it curl or lie flat on the back.
Coat:without undercoat, is abundant, glosy, wavy (not to be confused with curry), not soft but slightly resistant to the touch, with silky reflections. The hair is flat, they are quite fine, slightly wavey. The appearance of the coat is similar to that of the English Toy Spaniels, but it differs definitely from that of the Pekinese; at the same time it should not have any resemblance to the coat of the Spitz. The hair is short on the face, the muzzle, the front of the legs and the underneath part of the hock. Of medium length on the body, it gets longer on the neck to form a ruff and jabot, descending in waves on the chest; forming fringes at the ears and at the back of the forelegs. The back of the thighs, an ample culotte with soft hair. There may be small tufts of hair between the toes and may even extend slightly beyond, providing they do not give a heavy appearance to the foot, but rather give it a finer appearance by lengthening it. Certain dogs in good coat condition have hair 7,5 cm long at the withers and fringes of 15 cm on the tail.
Color:All colors are admitted on coat with a white background. On the body and legs, the white must be dominant in relation to the color. The white on the head preferably extender by a more or less wide blaze. A white marking is admitted on the lower part of the head, but dominant white on the head is considered a fault. In all cases, the lips the eyelids and principally the nose must be pigmented.

Height at the withers: about 28 cm
Weight of the body:two categories (not applicable in Poland)
1. Less than 2,5 kg for dogs and bitches.
2. from 2.5 kg - 4.5 kg – dogs; from 2.5 kg – 5 kg – bitches
Minimum weight 1.5 kg.
Movement: proud, free, easy and elegant.



Skull Flat, Apple-shaded and bulging as in the small English Toy Spaniels. Stop too much or insufficiently accented. Muzzle arched or hollow. Eye small, too round, predominent, light in color, showing white when the dog looks straight ahead. Nose not black. Depigmentation of the edges of the eyelids and lips. Overshot and especially undershot mouth Hindquarters, which seen from the back, are out of the vertical at the stifle, the hocki and the feet, hinterquarters weak. Feet Turing inwards or outwards. Nails not touching the ground. Single or double dewclaws on the hind legs are undesirable and considered a beauty fault, their removal is therefore advisable. Tail curly, resting on the back; falling on the side (that is the bone and not the fringes which, because of their length, fall in locks). Coat poor, soft or blown (puffed up); hair plantem straight or itself straight; woolly hair; undercoat indicating cross-breeding with the Spitz.


Males should have two apparently normal testicles full descended into the scrotum.